Thursday, March 25, 2021


Trigonella foenum-graecum plant is also known as fenugreek have originated in the Mediterranean region of the parts of Asia and recently it was suggested so as to fenugreek originated in Turkey. Applications of fenugreek were documented in ancient Egypt, where it was used in incense and to embalm mummies. About 260 species are currently available in Trigonella genus.

Fenugreek plants produce horn-shaped pods with a length of up to 11 cm, which are straight or curved in shape, narrow, with a sharply pointed tip. Each pod contains 10 to 20 cuboid seeds divided by a ridge into two unequal parts. Green-brown seeds are lobulated and very hard.

The aromatic and flavorful fenugreek is a popular spice and is broadly used for culinary and medicinal properties. Fenugreek contains strong spicy and seasoning type sweet flavor.

In addition, it has a broad spectrum of therapeutic properties. It has been used for numerous indications, including labor induction, aiding digestion, and as a general tonic to improve metabolism and health.

Fenugreek is well known for the principal source of soluble fiber in the plant. Dietary fiber is highly capable to reduce risk of cardiovascular abnormalities and some specific type of cancer due to the reduction of LDL level and total cholesterol.

Fenugreek has been long known as a potent herb in traditional medicine. Its seeds contain protein with a desirable amino acid profile, lipids and biogenic elements. Fenugreek seeds are also a rich source of saponins, flavonoids, choline, carotene, essential oils containing trigonelline and other functional elements.

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