Sunday, September 26, 2021

Health benefits of mustard

Brassicaceae or cruciferae is a medium-sized and economically important family of flowering plants commonly known as mustard plants. Among the different varieties of mustard, the three principal ones are Brassica hirta or Alba (yellow-white), B. nigra(black), and B. juncea (brown).

Mustard is rich in phyto-nutrients, minerals, vitamins and antioxidants. It is very high in calories, proteins, essential oils and dietary fiber. Mustard is also excellent source of essential B-complex vitamins.

In folkloric medicine, different parts of the plants are obtained to treat a wide range of human aliments. However, most of the traditional uses are centered on the seed and oil.

The seed has been used for the treatment of ailments such as arthritis, foot pain, cancer, vomiting, dengue, and rheumatism. Mustard seeds were once considered as an important natural remedy for relieving stomach distress such as flatulence or cramps.

The seeds are an excellent source of vitamin-E, gamma tocopherol. Vitamin-E is a powerful lipid soluble antioxidant, required for maintaining the integrity of cell membrane of mucosa and skin by protecting it from harmful oxygen-free radicals.

Among various carotenoids in mustard leaves, β-carotene is especially of interest for human health, as it possesses provitamin A activity and anticarcinogenic effects. Vitamin A is an essential nutrient that includes retinoids, which also aids in immunity, reproduction, vision, and cell development.
Health benefits of mustard

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